The Goddess of Learning is represented in Hinduism as a feminine deity and She is called a Sarasvatī – She who gives the essence (sära) of ourselves (sva).
The Mother of Learning is represented as sitting on a lotus because the Upanişads declare that a Teacher who can teach the Reality must himself be well-established in the experience of the Real. Sitting upon the supreme Reality, the Mother holds the sacred scriptures on one hand and a lotus on the other. And in the other two hands representing the mind and the intellect, She handles the Indian lute (veena) and sings the enchanting melody of Truth as contained in the book of Upanişads (Sruti) and as experienced by Her in Her bosom.
Srotriyatva (good knowledge of the philosophy of the Upanişads) and Brahmanişthata (firmness in the subjective experience of the Self) – these two are the qualities of a true Teacher. In short, She represents not merely a Man of Realisation in samädhi, but a true Teacher who plays his knowledge upon the heartstrings of his disciples. She gathers the instrument, tunes up its strings properly, and starts playing upon it. Soon the wafting music enchants others and draws them to approach Her feet to learn the music and to produce the Same celestial melody by themselves.
She is wedded to the Creator (Brahma) which is very appropriate indeed since the Creator would be certainly helpless if He did not know what He had to create. All creative endeavors must spring forth and can sustain themselves only With knowledge of what to create and how to create them.
This is the reason why in the nine days or Devi-puja we have in the first three days, the invocation of Srī Kālī (Durga), the second set or three days we invoke Srī Lakşmī, and then the concluding three days we worship goddess Sarasvati. Kali is the mighty power of destruction invoked so that the seeker can destroy all his negative tendencies in himself. Thereafter, Laksmi, the Goddess of wealth, is invoKed to cultivate the nobler emotions and sentiments in the him-the inner wealth of his heart. One who has thus accomplished the cleansing of one’s inner personality alone, can with sure success, worship Sarasvati, the Goddess of Learning.